AIDS/HIV has spread rapidly: 33.4 million people are living with HIV. Tuberculosis kills 1.7 million people each year, with 9.4 million new cases a year. Malaria causes some 225 million acute illnesses and over 780,000 deaths, annually. 164,000 people, mostly children under 5, died from measles in 2008 even though effective immunization costs less than 1 US dollars and has been available for more than 40 years. These and other diseases kill more people each year than conflict alone. Health provision varies around the world. Almost all wealthy nations provide universal health care (the US is an exception). There isn’t one answer to health care provision, but a number of systems and issues seem to be emerging. The World Health Organization (WHO) is the premier organization looking at health issues around the world. When looking at the pattern of health care around the world, the WHO World Health Report 2008 found some common contradictions:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) contribute with its partner around the world to detect and investigate health care problems, monitor health, conduct research to enhance prevention, develop and advocate sound public health policies, and provide leadership and training. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) develops a system design recognizing information and sources that best tackle a surveillance goal, be familiar with who will have rights to use information, by what technique and under what circumstances; also improving analysis or action by improving the surveillance system communication with other information systems Using data group recognizing possible bias linked with another collection technique cultural approach in the direction of technology or telephone use, recognizing suitable use of structured data compared with free text, more useful, data standards and language and suggest technologies such as global radio-frequency and positioning systems identification to maintain faster, higher-quality data and easier, access in the field. Information management and collation recognize ways to share data across different computing technology proposal linking new information with data from legacy systems; and be familiar with and remedying information quality issues as making certain information security and privacy. “Analysis recognize suitable statistical and image applications, put together algorithms to prepare users to aberrations within health care events also leveraging high routine computational resources for large data sets or difficult analyses” (Dixon, Gamache, & Grannis, 2013).
1. Describe and evaluate the ethical issues involved in Medicare-funded organ transplants.
2. Assess the intent and impact of publicity-oriented legal challenges to physician-assisted suicide.
3. Identify the potential impact of genetic engineering on the future course of a selected chronic disease or group of diseases.
4. Evaluate the changes in clinical research protocols that have been promoted by AIDS activists, and identify the potential implications of these changes.
5. Develop a position paper on which to base a public policy imposing restrictive criteria upon publicly funded renal dialysis cases.
6. Analyze the effectiveness of society’s delegation of ethical standards and the supervision of professional conduct to the professions of medicine and nursing.
7. Assess the medical profession’s compliance in honoring patients’ living wills and durable powers of attorney.
8. Evaluate the relative merits of the traditional indemnity insurance system versus the managed care system with regard to quality of care and efficiency.
9. Assess the pros and cons of our acceptance of entrepreneurial and for-profit organizational structures for the provision of healthcare in the United States, with special attention to the characteristics of access and quality.
10. Describe the current healthcare cost milieu and evaluate the need to ration the availability of healthcare services.
11. Analyze the effectiveness of the Adverse and Sentinel Events reporting program developed by the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations to provide a safe, effective, and efficient environment of care.
12. Analyze the recent legislation outlining minimum safe staffing standards for healthcare organizations; suggest follow-up strategies.
13. Develop a position paper on the Institute of Medicine’s recommendation for the establishment of a centralized system for tracking medical errors; suggest follow-up strategies.
14. Choose one particular form of complementary medicine and describe an ethical or legal issue regarding its use in treatment and what it brings to healthcare providers.
15. Analyze the legal and ethical impacts that managed care practices have had on quality and access to patient care.
A Medical Ethics committee is responsible for ethical issues, problems and dilemmas pertaining to health. Medical Ethics involves the moral relationship between people and health professionals and is based primarily on the idea of fidelity, respect, and trust. Although a medical ethics committee follows principles of autonomy, informed consent, confidentiality, beneficence, and distributive justice, If Dr. McKee were to be a member of medical ethics committee in the beginning of the movie, he would ultimately address a dilemma from a more paternalistic view.
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It is a requirement that any deadline for a health essay is met and in this respect it is critical that any service entrusted with work from a student related to submission, is made aware of any deadline. This should be supported by the provision of a guarantee in respect of delivery on time. The student is an individual with specific requirements which should be determined and supported by a provider of health essays.
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If he were to be placed in a position where he needed to evaluate a situation and come up with a decision regarding a patients health, he would believe in doing what appears to be in the best interest of the patient even if it against the expressed of implied wishes of the patient, but “for the patient’s own good. ” He would act upon the principle of double effect which states that it is permissible to do what ordinarily is harm if one does not intend the harm, the harm is an unintended effect of some good action, and the action is the only way to bring about a desired end.
McKeen’s callous attitude towards his patients, I believe he would follow the principle of beneficence, a supporting theory about the value of avoiding harm and helping others. Although he treated his patients in a lackadaisical manner, he demonstrated his gifted surgical abilities with the ultimate goal to heal them. Even when he is diagnosed with cancer and scheduled to receive radiation therapy, he’s concerned about missing his scheduled surgeries and continues to go to work despite his sickness. In the beginning of the movie, Dr McKee was an egoist.
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