Delinquency and focal concerns
• He concluded that delinquency derives as a result of acting out (often exaggerated) focal concerns
• Subculture stems from the need of low skilled labour, these people need to be able to endure a repetitive routine, as a result the focal concerns provide a balance for the dissatisfaction of work
• Miller believed the lower class appeared to follow their own focal concerns with disregard to mainstream culture.
Over the past few years, an interesting focus has developed among our youth subculture in American society today. I have been interested in how the raver subculture has come into existence, and how they are able to maintain their unanimity and cohesiveness. This subculture mainly consists of people who go to "raves," also known as, underground dance parties where people go to hear "techno" (electronically produced) music and have intense experiences, which they feel are self-transforming. The ravers use an emotionally laden jargon to attempt to explain the intensity of their experiences to the unconverted. I felt that by researching the rave subculture I could come to a conclusion as to why ravers are choosing to use ecstasy as their choice of drug and the effects of it.
There has been a great deal of research into how the rave subculture came into being from organization around music, to drugs, and countercultural norms and deviant practices in society. While there have been efforts to look at the interrelations between language, culture, and identity, most of this research in these areas has not looked into the process of language formation and the ways in which existing languages are altered to fit new constantly changing roles, perceptions, and identities. However, my research will put emphasize on how in this subculture there is a constant presence of innovation and experimentation involved in language as well as, the illegal use of ecstasy. I will also focus on how the use of ecstasy is shifting the direction of social change.
Willis, Paul E., Profane Culture (London & Boston:Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1978) [a study of subcultural attitudes andpractices, focusing on bikers and hippies, with extensive treatment of subjectssuch as social and political positions, values, music, drugs, style, creativity,etc;301.2209/WIL].
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Subculture: Marijuana in the United States Fatima Alikhan ENG 122 Professor Kenneth Newton Monday May 23, 2010 The United States has an approved list of drugs that are considered legal and illegal that create adverse side effects and hold diverse political views. Marijuana is a substance that popular media holds in a negative undertone while other drugs such as valium and alcohol are supported, if not glorified. Popular media is a powerful tool that gathers a mass of people and provides all types of information.
History of the hippie movement - Wikipedia
Cultural characteristics as a continuum. There is a tendency to stereotype cultures as being one way or another (e.g., individualistic rather than collectivistic). Note, however, countries fall on a continuum of cultural traits. Hofstede’s research demonstrates a wide range between the most individualistic and collectivistic countries, for example—some fall in the middle.
Hofstede’s Dimensions. Gert Hofstede, a Dutch researcher, was able to interview a large number of IBM executives in various countries, and found that cultural differences tended to center around four key dimensions:
What Is Stimulant-Induced Psychosis? | Dual Diagnosis
Each gang has a of its own, although it may not be very different from the culture of other gangs. Using of culture, gang members teach one another - formally and informally - what the customs of the gang are (i.e., how to dress, how to behave with women - or men), and they possess specific knowledge about the gang (i.e., traditions, initiation rites, territory, history). The culture of a gang is imparted from one generation to the next through a process called socialization.